HE 280

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On January 13 1942 a test pilot of the He 280 prototype aircraft encountered icing problems and was forced to use the aircraft’s compressed air ejection seat to bail out. This was the first use of such emergency ejection system in the world.

Published in: on January 13, 2017 at 9:48 am  Leave a Comment  

Saar status referendum, 1935

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A referendum on territorial status was held in the Territory of the Saar Basin on 13 January 1935. Over 90% voters opted for reunification with Germany, with 9% voting for the status quo as a League of Nations mandate territory and less than 0.5% opting for unification with France.

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After Imperial Germany’s defeat in World War I, the Treaty of Versailles made the Saarland an autonomous territory to be administered by France until 1935 when a plebiscite would determine its final status. This reflected the general principle of national self-determination employed by the Allies after the War. The Versailles and other treaties which ended the War did not determine the final disposition of several territories. This was left to a series of plebiscites. The plebiscites when they went against the Germans did not make them any more palatle to German public opinion. There were areas in which plebiscites did not decide the issue. Austria was specifically prohibited from uniting with Germny. In addition, Germans in the Polish Corridor (Poland), the Sudetenlnd (Czechoslovakia), and eastern Belgium were left outside the Reich. The French hoped that they might be able to permanently separate this small territory from Germany.

Published in: on January 13, 2017 at 9:35 am  Leave a Comment  

“Mutter und Kind”

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A “Mutter und Kind” Heim – distinct from the Lebensborn and operated not by the SS but by the NSV, these were built in every Gau and served as community centers and providers of support for mothers and children.  Services included prenatal care, kindergarten, nutritional aid, dental care, classes in childcare, and tuberculosis prevention.

Published in: on January 13, 2017 at 9:19 am  Leave a Comment  

Todays “Then And Now”

Museum and Cathedral Berlin

Published in: on January 13, 2017 at 8:59 am  Leave a Comment  

1st SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler

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Joachim Peiper and his men January 1943 on the Eastern Front.

Published in: on January 13, 2017 at 8:45 am  Leave a Comment  

The Pioneering Graphic Style of Ottomar Anton

Ottomar Carl Joseph Anton (1895-1976) was born in December 15, 1895 in Hamburg. After graduating from high school, between 1912 and 1913, he entered the State School of Applied Arts, University of Modern Fine Arts of Hamburg. He also worked in the Education Poster Institute Arno Kupka in Hamburg, where he became the head of the studio. During that time he took study trips to Norway, Spain and Italy.

He was appointed professor of graphic arts in 1935. He dedicated himself completely to this particular artistic field in which he made himself a name by winning several competitions. He created hundreds of posters commissioned by airlines and navigation companies such as the Hamburg-Amerika Line (Hapag), Deutsche Afrika Line and also for the Cunard Line. He represented these travel scenes in an eye-catching style, dreamlike but at the same time modern; ships majestically cruising the oceans, streamlined Swastika-sporting Zeppelins crisscrossing the sky in a spectacular and fast way. He was considered a master of graphic design and his use of colour was considered absolutely innovative by that time.

He joined the National Socialist German Workers Party in 1933, about the time Hitler became Chancellor. Then in 1936 Anton joined the Schutzstaffel. During National Socialism he created a number of political posters especially for the Waffen SS and the Hitler Youth which became famous for their original style. Among the most popular it is worth mentioning the call for enlistment in the Waffen SS (1941) poster featuring the portrait of Obersturmführer Klemens Behler. The poster, an icon of the Waffen SS, became widespread in various centers of enlistment.

In 1938 Anton creates a billboard for Mein Kampf without mentioning the book’s title. The advert only states ‘Das Buch, Ein Kraftquell Der Nation’ (‘The Book, The Source of The Nation’s Power’). Other graphic works like Gerade Du! (Just you!) are dedicated by Ottomar Anton to the boys of the Hitler Youth who joined by mass appeal to enlist in any military corps, but especially in the 12.SS Armored Division Hitler Youth.

 

Published in: on January 13, 2017 at 8:32 am  Leave a Comment