Top 10 Surviving NSDAP Built Buildings

10. Olympiastadion Berlin

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Das Olympia-Stadion in Berlin in 1936

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The Olympic Stadium in 2017

9. Olympic Village Berlin

The Olympic village. Photo Credit.
The Olympic village 1936

1478601752-9418-08-2013-img04-medium-640x386Berlin Olympic village of 1936

8. Prora Holiday Resort

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Prora Beach Resort in 2011

Prora is a beach resort located on the island of Rugen, Germany. It was built as part of the Strenght through Joy project in the period between 1936 and 1939.

The Strenght through Joy was a large-scale, state-operated  leisure organization in Germany that promoted the advantages of National-Socialism. In the 1930s, it became the largest tourism operator in the world.

Prora beach resort was designed by Clemens Klotz, who won a design competition organized by Hitler and Speer. More than 9,000 workers were involved in the project.

The central building was 4,5 km long and it was located 150 meters away from the coastline.

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“Koloss von Prora” or the Colossus of Prora.

7.  Flak Towers

The 'L-Tower' at Augarten, Vienna. Photo Credit.
The ‘L-Tower’ at Augarten, Vienna. Photo Credit.

Flak Towers were structures made of concrete that were used for anti-aircraft defense and as civilian shelters during bombing raids in Germany and Austria.

In Berlin, three were built, two have survived the war and are still standing today.

Another three were built in Vienna. The L-Tower and the tower near the Obere Augartenstrasse survived to this day.

In Hamburg, two of the flak towers remained partially.

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Flakturm IV G-Tower in Hamburg.

The towers proved to be almost indestructible, so there was never a large-scale initiative for their demolishment.

Several were destroyed after the war, but the ones that remained were turned into restaurants, nightclubs, or music shops.

6. NSDAP Party Rally Grounds Nuremberg

Zeppelinfeld.
Zeppelinfeld.

Reichsparteitagsgelände or the NSDAP Rally Grounds covered an area of 11 square miles, just outside of Nuremberg.

The entire complex consisted of many structures, some of which built before the NSDAP, like the Luitpold Hall and the Hall of Honor (which was initially built to honor the soldiers from Nuremberg who died during WWI).

The largest and best-preserved building that remains today is the Congress Hall. The foundation stone was laid in 1935, but it was never finished. It was planned by the Nuremberg architects Ludwig and Franz Ruff.

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Zeppelinfeld, main tribune

It was intended to serve as a congress center for the NSDAP with a self-supporting roof and should have provided 50,000 seats.

The building reached a height of 39 m (128 ft) (a height of 70 m was planned) and a diameter of 250 m (820 ft).

5. Haus der Kunst Munich

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Haus der Kunst in 2014

The House of Art in Munich ― Hitler’s own shrine to his aesthetic ideals  through an inaugural exhibition titled “The Great German Art Exhibition” that occurred on 18 July 1937.

The building was designed by Paul Ludwig Troost and it is considered to be the first monumental example of NSDAP architecture.

4. Ministry of Aviation Berlin

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The Ministry of Aviation, December 1938

Detlev-Rohwedder Haus was the largest office space in the world when it was constructed in 1936. The building is most famous for housing the Ministry of Aviation of The Third Reich.

It was designed by Ernst Sagebiel, a prominent architect that was also responsible for the reconstruction design of the Tempelhof airport.

Photo Credit.

3. Keroman Submarine base Lorient

An original photograph of the submarine base at Keroman taken by me from the Port Louis ferry in August 2005.

In 1940, Grand Admiral Karl Donitz needed a base of operations on the French shores of the Atlantic Ocean.

The  Keroman Submarine Base became the starting point of numerous U-Boat operations.

In the period between February 1941 and January 1942, three gigantic reinforced concrete buildings were erected on the Keroman peninsula, near the French town of Lorient. The base was capable of sheltering thirty submarines under cover.

Although Lorient was heavily damaged by Allied bombing raids, this naval base survived through to the end of the war.

2. NS Ordensburg

View to the Ordensburg from the former town of Wollseifen. Photo Credit.
View to the Ordensburg from the town of Wollseifen

NS Ordensburg is a common name for three remote castle-like schools that were  to educate the future party leaders.

The first one was built in 1934, Ordensburg Sonthofen in Allgau, following the design of Hermann Giesler.

"Die Burg" in Sonthofen Germany.
“Die Burg” in Sonthofen Germany.

The school nurtured the elite status, as it enrolled only trustworthy candidates who were of “pure blood,” between 25 and 30 years of age, mentally and physically fit and already members of the NSDAP.

Besides Sonthofen, the other two Ordensburg schools were Vogelsang in Eifel and Krossinsee in Pomerania.

Ordensburg Krössinsee. Photo Credit.
Ordensburg Krössinsee.

All schools were equipped with the state-of-art technology, sports gymnasiums, cinemas and other commodities.

With the fall of the Third Reich, the schools were used for other purposes.

All three locations were used for military purposes after the war in the countries that inherited them ― Sonthofen for the German Bundeswehr, Vogelsang for the Belgian Armed Forces and Krossinsee was left for the Polish.

Today, only Krossinsee is still in military use, serving as the headquarters of the Polish Army’s 2nd Battalion and 12th Tank Brigade.

The other two castles are turned into tourist attractions and are marked as historic sites.

1. Eagle’s Nest Berchtesgaden

Kehlsteinhaus. Photo Credit.
Kehlsteinhaus. Photo Credit.

Kehlsteinhaus, or as the Allies called it “The Eagle’s Nest,” was built atop of the Kehlsteinhaus summit that rises above Obersalzberg in the Bavarian Alps.

The large house on the top of the mountain also includes an underground tunnel with an elevator that leads to a large parking lot, 124 meters bellow.

The interior was decorated by the famous Hungarian-born architect and designer, Paul Laszlo. Benito Mussolini donated a large fireplace made of red marble as a token of appreciation.

1945 photo of entrance tunnel to elevator going up to the Kehlsteinhaus, visible at top. Photo Credit.
1945 photo of entrance tunnel to elevator going up to the Kehlsteinhaus, visible at top.

Today the building is owned by a charitable trust and serves as a restaurant offering indoor dining and an outdoor beer garden.

 

 

 

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Published in: on January 1, 2018 at 2:46 am  Leave a Comment  

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